The US cancer death rate has decreased steadily since 1991, decreasing by 33%, resulting in an estimated 3.8 million averted deaths, according to a report that was released on Thursday in California: A Journal for Clinicians on Cancer Between 2019 and 2020, the most recent year for which data are available, the rate of cancer-related deaths continued to decrease by 1.5%. (us cancer deaths per year)
The American Cancer Society’s chief executive officer, Karen Knudsen, called the 33% decline in cancer mortality “truly formidable.”
This steady progress is attributed, according to the report, to advances in cancer treatment, a decline in smoking, and an increase in early detection.(us cancer deaths per year)
In many of the 200 disorders we refer to as cancer, Knudsen asserts, ” breakthroughs for prevention, early detection, and therapy have resulted in actual, meaningful gains.”(us cancer deaths per year)
In their report, American Cancer Society researchers also cited HPV vaccinations as a link to fewer deaths from cancer. Infections with the human papillomavirus, or HPV, can lead to cervical cancer and other types of cancer. Cervical cancer new instances have been shown to decline after vaccination.(us cancer deaths per year)
According to Dr. William Dahut, chief scientific officer of the society, cervical cancer rates among women in their early 20s decreased by 65% from 2012 to 2019, “wholly following the time when HPV vaccines were put into use.”
There is an expectation that this will be significant beyond this because HPV has been linked to various cancers, including head and neck, and anal cancers.(us cancer deaths per year)
In the United States, the new report estimates that the lifetime probability of being diagnosed with any invasive cancer is 40.9% for men and 39.1% for women.(us cancer deaths per year)
The report also includes projections for 2023, estimating that the United States could see nearly 2 million new cases of cancer this year, or about 5,000 cases per day, and over 600,000 deaths from cancer.(us cancer deaths per year)
Some doctors have observed an increase in advanced cancer cases as a result of pandemic-delayed screenings and treatment during the early days of the Covid-19 pandemic.
According to Knudsen, American Cancer Society researchers failed to monitor “that fall in screening that we know we all witnessed across the country during the crisis.” I believe that our report will provide some preliminary insight into the pandemic’s impact on cancer incidence and mortality around this time next year.
The continuation of good news
“The continuation of good news” The new report contains information from various national programs and registries, such as the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the National Cancer Institute.
According to data, an increase in lung cancer fatalities attributed to smoking caused the US cancer death rate to rise over the majority of the 20th century. The cancer death rate then decreased from its 1991 peak as smoking rates decreased and advances in early detection and treatment for some cancers increased.
The rate of decline has gradually increased since then.(us cancer deaths per year)
According to the findings of the most recent study, the five-year relative survival rate for all cancers has increased from 49% for diagnoses made in the middle of the 1970s to 68% for diagnoses made between 2012 and 2018.
According to the report, the thyroid has a survival rate of 98%, the prostate has a survival rate of 97%, the testis has a survival rate of 95%, and melanoma has a survival rate of 94%.(us cancer deaths per year)
Cancers of the pancreas currently have the lowest survival rates, at 12%.
According to Dr. Otis Brawley, an oncology professor at Johns Hopkins University who was not involved in the research, the finding about a decreasing cancer death rate shows the continuation of good news. there is still more work to be done even if the lung cancer survival rate in the US has grown by 21%.
According to Brawley, a former chief medical officer of the American Cancer Society, “the biggest reason for the decline that started in 1991 was the prevalence of smoking in the United States started going down in 1965.”(us cancer deaths per year)
That is why we began experiencing a reduction in 1991, he said, and it has persisted ever since smoking prevalence in the US has been declining. Our ability to treat certain diseases has improved, and some people are not dying as a result of treatment.
Some cancers are rising
The new report also emphasizes that new cases of breast, uterine, and prostate cancer have been “of concern” and rising in the United States despite the steady decline in the cancer death rate
Since the middle of the 2000s, the report says, the incidence of breast cancer among women has been rising by about 0.5 percent per year.
Since the middle of the 2000s, the incidence of uterine corpus cancer has increased by approximately 1% annually among women 50 and older and nearly 2% annually among younger women.(us cancer deaths per year)
After two decades of decline, the incidence rate of prostate cancer increased by 3% per year from 2014 to 2019.(us cancer deaths per year)
Since its previous decline in incidence has reversed and appears to be driven by advanced disease diagnoses, Knudsen referred to prostate cancer as “an outlier.”
On Thursday, the American Cancer Society made the Impact campaign official. Among other things, the initiative aims to increase prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates by funding new research programs and expanding patient support.(us cancer deaths per year)
According to Knudsen, about 290,000 men are anticipated to receive a prostate cancer diagnosis this year, making it the most common cancer among males diagnosed in this country. the most common kind of cancer among males is prostate cancer. She stated that although there is no long-term cure for metastatic prostate cancer, the five-year survival rate for cancer diagnosed in the prostate is “upwards of 99%.”
She stated, “Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of death from cancer among men in this country.” Not only do we report an increase in the incidence of prostate cancer across all demographics, but we also report a 5% increase in the number of men diagnosed with the disease that is more advanced year over year. Therefore, we are not catching these cancers early enough to cure prostate cancer in men.(us cancer deaths per year)
It’s well past time for us to take health inequities seriously
The rates of mortality and survival from breast, uterine, and prostate cancer across populations of color show a sizable racial gap.
According to the new report, Black people had a 12% higher risk of dying from cancer overall in 2020 than White people did.
Not every person or every family is impacted equally, according to Knudsen.(us cancer deaths per year)
She claims that as compared to White men, Black men “unfortunately have a 70% spike in prostate cancer incidence and a two- to four-fold increase in prostate cancer death” compared to every other ethnic and racial group in the United States. This is about the prevalence of prostate cancer in White males.
In an email, Dr. Ernest Hawk, vice president of cancer prevention and population sciences at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, stated that the data in the new report demonstrate improvements in the battle against cancer that are “significant and constant.”(us cancer deaths per year)
In many cases, cancer can be prevented and detected early, resulting in improved outcomes. Treatments are becoming safer and more effective when necessary. That is all really good news. Hawk composed. However, it is long past time for us to pay attention to health disparities and make them a much higher national priority. We shouldn’t get complacent in the face of such frequent reminders of avoidable injustices, he said. We should not be complacent with these inequities in cancer risks, cancer care, and cancer outcomes.” I believe we can eliminate these disparities and make even greater progress toward the end of cancer with deliberate and devoted effort.(us cancer deaths per year)
The White House responds
In a statement released on Thursday, White House Cancer Moonshot Coordinator Dr. Danielle Carnival stated that the new report demonstrates “great progress.”
The “Cancer Moonshot” initiative of the White House, which President Biden relaunched last year, calls for the country to work toward lowering the cancer death rate by at least 50% in the next 25 years.
According to the research, during the past 30 years, the number of cancer fatalities in the US has decreased by one-third. This is great progress because we have reduced smoking rates, improved early detection, and improved treatments for many cancers. In the statement, Carnival stated, “It means millions of American families have been spared the incalculable loss of a loved one.”
She stated, “The report also emphasizes that there is more work to be done to save more lives.” Building on the progress we’ve made with an all-hands-on-deck effort to develop new ways to prevent, detect, and treat cancer and ensuring that the tools we have and those we develop along the way reach all Americans is President Biden’s vision for ending cancer as we know it.